Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The globally use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell outside of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of assorted courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They may be alternatively rare.
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Modern More day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, once in a while, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have sometimes included the latter as being a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited gown top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with women's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of More brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.